Edited by MCK Sokół | Lesser Poland
Ignacy Łukasiewicz (1822-1882), a pharmacist and entrepreneur, is considered the father of the oil industry in Poland. He was the founder of the world's first oil mine, and was also the first to construct a prototype of a kerosene lamp. Łukasiewicz was working in Lviv at that time, where his invention quickly found use, for example during the first night-time operation at a local hospital.
In 1854, Ignacy Łukasiewicz moved to Gorlice, where crude oil had been used for a long time. There he started working at a local pharmacy of Jan Tomaszewicz. In 1854, at one of the streets of Gorlice (currently at the intersection of Kościuszki and Węgierska Streets), city councillors lit the world's first kerosene lamp of his construction. To commemorate this event, in the place where the lamp was located, a chapel with a replica of the 16th-century sculpture of Sorrowful Christ has been erected - the original is kept in the Regional Museum in Gorlice. According to a legend, the figure was brought to the Zawodzie district during a flood, carried by waves of the Ropa rivers that washed over the city.
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